Dashlakshan Parv is a ten day festival. It is the biggest Jain festival. All these ten days people keep fast and involve as much as possible in religious activities like Abhishek, Pooja, Swadhyay, Dhyaan etc. During these ten days the complete atmosphere of the temple changes, it seems as if we are still in that time when everyone used to care for others and the whole society was a like one big family. The temple during these days is full of activities, it also gets decorated with Rangoli and other stuff.
Now lets see how this festival got its name “Dashlakshan Parv” and why is it of ten days duration. Dashlakshan dharm means a Dharm which has ten characteristics/qualities. Celebrating these qualities and wishing and trying to adopt them completely is the objective of this festival. Each day celebrates one of the quality of the Dashlakshan Dharm and hence the duration is ten days.
Lets see what the first two days of this Parv celebrates. And for other days i will write one post daily from now onwards denoting there importance.
Day 1 : Uttam Kshama
This day celebrates Uttam Kshama meaning Supreme Forgiveness.
पीडैं दुष्ट अनेक, बांध मार बहु विधी करै ।
धरिये छिमा विवेक, कोप ना कीजिये पीतमा ॥
उत्तम छिमा गहो रे भाई, इह भव जस पर भव सुखदाई ।
गाली सुनि मन खेद ना आनो, गुन को औगुन कहे अयानो ॥
कहि है अयानो वस्तु छीने, बांध मार बहु विधि करै ।
घरतैं निकारे तन विदारै, बैर जो ना तहा धरै ॥
जे करम पूरब किये खोटे, सहै क्यों नहिं जीयरा ।
अति क्रोध अगनि बुझाय प्रानी, साम्य-जल ले सीयरा ॥
Even if a lot of evil people hurt you and cause you several injuries, you should forgive them all and should not get angry on them. This supreme forgiveness should be achieved by everyone as it is beneficial ( Happiness giving) in this birth and future births as well. Even if some one abuses us or call our good qualities bad we shouldn’t feel sad for the above specified reason. Even if others steal our belongings or hurt us, we should not keep any enmity with them. Because we have got to bear the result of the ill deeds (Paap)/ Sin that we committed in our past. If we again get angry on such occasions then we will continue to wander in this world accumulating more karm. We should extinguish the fire of anger with the water of equanimity and control.
Day 2 : Uttam Maardav
This day celebrates Uttam Maardav meaning Supreme Tenderness/Humility.
मान महा विष रूप, करहि नीचगति जगत में ।
कोमल सुधा अनूप, सुख पावै प्रानी सदा ॥
उत्तम मार्दव गुन मन माना, मान करन को कौन ठिकाना ।
बस्यो निगोद माहिं तैं आया, दमरी रूंकन भाग बिकाया ॥
रूंकन बिकाया भाग वशतै, देव इक इन्द्री भया ।
उत्तम मुआ चान्डाल हूवा, भूप कीडों में गया ॥
जीतव्य जोवन धन गुमान, कहा करै जल-बुदबुदा ।
करि विनय बहु-गुन बडे जन की, ग्यान का पावै उदा ॥
Proud is like venom that causes us to fall. And the nectar of humility/tenderness is incomparable. A person with this quality always gain happiness. We should try to achieve Supreme tenderness because a person who is proud has no future. And what is he proud of ? Of going to the worst place in this world (Hell)? Or of getting sold in dimes (cheap price) when it was a plant ? Or of going to the “One sense state” from the Heaven. We should always be modest as even a king with proud becomes aं small insect. All this money, property, youth etc are like a bubble of water, which are temporary and can burst anytime. If we respect our elders and the people who are knowledgeable, we will also be able to gain the true knowledge.