Archive | September 2007

Uttam Aarjav, Uttam Shauch , Uttam Satya and Uttam Sanyam

As promised in this post i will write about the next 4 lakshan of dashlakshan dharm. I am sorry for being late but was busy with project etc. Also when i sat for writing two days back and when i was just about to publish, my computer hanged and all data was lost ! Anyways better late than never.

Day 3 : Uttam Aarjav

This day celebrates Uttam Aarjav meaning Supreme Simplicity.

Shloka:

कपट ना कीजे कोय, चोरन के पुर ना बसैं ।
सरल सुभावी होय, ताके घर बहु सम्पदा ॥
उत्तम आर्जव रीति बखानी, रन्चक दगा बहुत दुखदानी ।
मन में हो सो वचन उचरिये, वचन होय सो तन सो करिये ॥
करिये सरल तिंहु जोग अपने, देख निरमल आरसी ।
मुख करे जैसा लखे तैसा, कपट प्रीति अन्गारसी ॥
नहीं लहे लछमी अधिक छल करि, करम बन्ध विशेषता ।
भय त्यागि दूध बिलाव पीवै, आपदा नहीं देखता ॥

Meaning:
We should not be wicked and also we shouldn’t live with the wicked people. We should be simple minded and those who are simple get all the worldly facilities by themselves (Though they do not wish for it !). Simplicity is said to be the greatest virtue and cheating/fraud causes a lot of pain and problems. We should speak what we have in our heart and we should do what we say. We should be simple in all our activities and shouldn’t be skew. We shouldnt take wrong way of cheating to earn more money, which results in a lot of Karma getting accumulated. The poet gives an example of ideal condition where everyone will be simple is when a cat can drink milk freely without fearing any attack.
The moral is we should be simple and straight forward which is the key to happiness.

Day 4 : Uttam Shauch

This day celebrates Uttam Shauch meaning Supreme Contenment/Purity

Shloka:

धरि हिरदै सन्तोष, करहु तपस्या देह सों ।
शौच सदा निर्दोष, धरम बढो संसार में ॥
उत्तम शौच सर्व जग जाना, लोभ पाप को बाप बखाना ।
आशा-पास महा दुखदानी, सुख पावै सन्तोषी प्रानी ॥
प्रानी सदा शुचि शील जप तप, ग्यान ध्यान प्रभावतैं ।
नित गंग जमुन समुद्र न्हाये, अशुचि दोष सुभाव्तैं ।।
ऊपर अमल मल भर्यो भीतर, कौन विधि घट शुचि कहै ।
बहु देह मैली सुगुन थैली, शौच गुन साधू लहै ॥

Meaning:

We should be content in our heart and should work hard from our bodies. Contentment is always pure and its a great Dharma in this world. Whereas contentment is always supreme, on the other hand greed is called the originator of all evils. Greed/Desire are very pain/sorrow causing whereas a content person always gains happiness. Just as body’s dirt can be cleaned from the water, the dirt of our soul can be cleaned by being content, well charactered, hard working and by true knowledge and concentration. How can we call a person clean who is though clean from outside but is all dirty from inside. On the contrary a Sage though being dirty from outside is all pure because of his bunch of good qualities that everyone strives for. Such a Sage has supreme purity. We should all try to be as content as possible as there is no end of desires.

Day 5 : Uttam Satya

This day celebrates Uttam Satya meaning SupremeTruthfulness

Shloka:

कठिन वचन मति बोल, पर-निन्दा अरु झूठ तज ।
सांच जवाहर खोल, सतवादी जग में सुखी ॥
उत्तम सत्य बरत पा लीजे, पर-विश्वासघात नहीं कीजे ।
सांचे झूठे मानुष देखो, आपन पूत स्वपास न पेखो ॥
पेखो तिहायत पुरुष सांचे, को दरब सब दीजिये ।
मुनिराज-श्रावक की प्रतिष्ठा, सांच गुन लख लीजिये ॥
ऊंचे सिन्हासन बैठि वसु न्रुप, धरम का भूपति भया ।
वच झूठ सेति नरक पहुंचा, सुरग में नारद गया ॥

Meaning:

We should not speak harsh words, we should also completely refrain from criticism and lie. We should always speak the truth, a true person always remains happy. We should try to achieve supreme truthfulness, and should not deceive anyone. Today all kind of people exist, even our own son can betray us. Hence we should always help those who are truthful. A Sage or a Shraavak can be checked by the quality of truthfulness. By lying even a King can go to bad state (Hell etc), and even a poor person can get very good state (Heaven etc) by being truthful.
We should try to be completely truthful and should never lie. We should also not hurt others from our words.

Day 6 : Uttam Sanyam

This day celebrates Uttam Sanyam meaning Supreme Self-control

Shloka:

काय छहों प्रतिपाल, पंचेंद्री मन वश करो ।
सन्जम रतन संभाल, विषय चोर बहु फ़िरत हैं ॥
उत्तम सन्जम गहु मन मेरे, भव-भव के भांजै अघ तेरे ।
सुरग-नरक-पशुगति में नाहीं, आलस-हरन करन-सुख ठाहीं ॥
ठाहीं प्रुथी जल आग मारूत, रुख त्रस करुना धरो ।
सपरसन रसना घ्रान नैना, कान मन सब वश करो ॥
जिस बिना नहि जिनराज सीझे, तु रुल्यो जग-कीच में ।
इक घरी मत विसरो करो नित, आव जम-मुख बीच में ॥

Meaning:
We should control both five senses and the Mann (heart). We should safeguard the gem of self-control as the burglars in the form of attractive subjects are always alert and roaming. By keeping supreme self-control we can get rid of the pains of many births. This supreme self-control can only be observed in this Human form and not any other (Heaven, Hell, Animals) form. It causes us to lose our laziness and be happy. We should be careful towards all the living beings be it a human being or a small creature (Found in fire, water, earth and air). We should have control on all our senses- touch, taste, nose, eyes and ears. Without this we have been wandering from lot of time in this world. Now we shouldn’t waste any more time and start controlling our senses as much as possible with the ultimate aim of Supreme Self-contorl.

Regards,
Piyush Jain

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Dashlakshan Dharm – Uttam Kshama & Uttam Maardav

For Meaning of all the days please click here
For Uttam Kshama SMS’s please click here


Dashlakshan Parv is a ten day festival. It is the biggest Jain festival. All these ten days people keep fast and involve as much as possible in religious activities like Abhishek, Pooja, Swadhyay, Dhyaan etc. During these ten days the complete atmosphere of the temple changes, it seems as if we are still in that time when everyone used to care for others and the whole society was a like one big family. The temple during these days is full of activities, it also gets decorated with Rangoli and other stuff.
Now lets see how this festival got its name “Dashlakshan Parv” and why is it of ten days duration. Dashlakshan dharm means a Dharm which has ten characteristics/qualities. Celebrating these qualities and wishing and trying to adopt them completely is the objective of this festival. Each day celebrates one of the quality of the Dashlakshan Dharm and hence the duration is ten days.
Lets see what the first two days of this Parv celebrates. And for other days i will write one post daily from now onwards denoting there importance.

Day 1 : Uttam Kshama

This day celebrates Uttam Kshama meaning Supreme Forgiveness.

Shloka :

पीडैं दुष्ट अनेक, बांध मार बहु विधी करै ।
धरिये छिमा विवेक, कोप ना कीजिये पीतमा ॥
उत्तम छिमा गहो रे भाई, इह भव जस पर भव सुखदाई ।
गाली सुनि मन खेद ना आनो, गुन को औगुन कहे अयानो ॥
कहि है अयानो वस्तु छीने, बांध मार बहु विधि करै ।
घरतैं निकारे तन विदारै, बैर जो ना तहा धरै ॥
जे करम पूरब किये खोटे, सहै क्यों नहिं जीयरा ।
अति क्रोध अगनि बुझाय प्रानी, साम्य-जल ले सीयरा ॥

Meaning:

Even if a lot of evil people hurt you and cause you several injuries, you should forgive them all and should not get angry on them. This supreme forgiveness should be achieved by everyone as it is beneficial ( Happiness giving) in this birth and future births as well. Even if some one abuses us or call our good qualities bad we shouldn’t feel sad for the above specified reason. Even if others steal our belongings or hurt us, we should not keep any enmity with them. Because we have got to bear the result of the ill deeds (Paap)/ Sin that we committed in our past. If we again get angry on such occasions then we will continue to wander in this world accumulating more karm. We should extinguish the fire of anger with the water of equanimity and control.


Day 2 : Uttam Maardav

This day celebrates Uttam Maardav meaning Supreme Tenderness/Humility.

Shloka :

मान महा विष रूप, करहि नीचगति जगत में ।
कोमल सुधा अनूप, सुख पावै प्रानी सदा ॥
उत्तम मार्दव गुन मन माना, मान करन को कौन ठिकाना ।
बस्यो निगोद माहिं तैं आया, दमरी रूंकन भाग बिकाया ॥
रूंकन बिकाया भाग वशतै, देव इक इन्द्री भया ।
उत्तम मुआ चान्डाल हूवा, भूप कीडों में गया ॥
जीतव्य जोवन धन गुमान, कहा करै जल-बुदबुदा ।
करि विनय बहु-गुन बडे जन की, ग्यान का पावै उदा ॥

Meaning:

Proud is like venom that causes us to fall. And the nectar of humility/tenderness is incomparable. A person with this quality always gain happiness. We should try to achieve Supreme tenderness because a person who is proud has no future. And what is he proud of ? Of going to the worst place in this world (Hell)? Or of getting sold in dimes (cheap price) when it was a plant ? Or of going to the “One sense state” from the Heaven. We should always be modest as even a king with proud becomes aं small insect. All this money, property, youth etc are like a bubble of water, which are temporary and can burst anytime. If we respect our elders and the people who are knowledgeable, we will also be able to gain the true knowledge.

For Meaning of all the days please click here
For Uttam Kshama SMS’s please click here

Regards,
Piyush Jain